1752- Benjamin Franklin's kite experiment took place.
Scientist and Inventor
1754- French and Indian War began
Copy of a sketch of the Monongahela, with the field of battle, done by an Indian.
A map of the British and French settlements in North America.
Fort Ticonderoga Battle Plan
Join or Die
1765- To help pay for the cost of keeping British troops in America the British Parliament enacted the Stamp Act.
The Stamp Act
The Repeal of the Stamp Act
1770- The Boston Massacre took place.
Paul Revere Propaganda Boston massacre
Four coffins of men killed in the Boston Massacre
The coffin of Patrick Carr
The Boston Massacre Trial
1773- The Sons of Liberty published Association of the Sons of Liberty in New York
The association of the Sons of Liberty, of New-York.
1773- The Boston Tea Party took place.
1789 Engraving of the Boston Tea Party
1774- Franklin was questioned before the British Parliament
Franklin before the lord's council, Whitehall Chapel, London, 1774
1774- First Continental Congress met.
Continental Congress Asserts Loyalty to the King (Page 1)
Continental Congress Asserts Loyalty to the King (Page 2)
1775- Second Continental Congress met.
Journals of the Continental Congress
1775- Battles of Lexington and Concord.
A plan of the town of Boston with the intrenchments and of His Majesty's forces in 1775
1775- Battle of Bunker Hill took place.
A plan of the action at Bunkers-Hill on the 17th. of June, 1775
1776- Thomas Paine published Common Sense.
1776- Declaration of Independence was approved by the Second Continental Congress.
Declaration of Independence (Print)
The original rough draft of the Declaration of Independence
The original rough draft of the Declaration of Independence (Enlarged)
Jefferson reflects on the Declaration of Independence 50 years later
A print representing the committee of five delegates that was appointed to prepare a declaration of independence.
Richard Henry Lee introduced a resolution urging Congress to declare independence.
1777- The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States.
Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union
James Madison outlined the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
1778- The Treaty of Alliance was signed with France.
Treaty of Alliance with France
Washington celebrates the new alliance with France
Franklin and Deane sent a letter to Congress on February 8, 1778, announcing the signing of the Treaty of Alliance and the Treaty of Amity and Commerce.
1781-The British surrendered at Yorktown.
Washington Records the British Surrender at Yorktown
1783- The Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolutionary War.
The Treaty of Paris
Adams, Franklin, and Jay sent another letter to Congress announcing that the definitive peace treaty had been signed
1786- Daniel Shay's Rebellion took place.
Jefferson writes to Abigail Adams about Shay's Rebellion
1787- A Constitutional convention took place in Philadelphia.
1789- The United States Constitution came into effect.
The Constitution of the United States of America
James Madison's Notes on Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787
1789- The first United States presidential election took place.
George Washington's First Inaugural Address
The Century Magazine published an article providing an overview of Washington's first inauguration
1791- The United States Bill of Rights was ratified.
Copy of seventeen proposed amendments to the Constitution passed by the House of Representatives on August 24, 1789.
The twelve amendments passed by Congress and sent to the states on September 25, 1789.
A letter from Washington to the Marquis de Lafayette in which he discusses the prospects for ratification of the Constitution and the need for a Bill of Rights.
1792- Washington was reelected President. John Adams was chosen as Vice President.
Washington's second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1793
Print of Washington from 1794
1793- Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin.
Eli Whitney portrait
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Eli Whitney
1796- U.S. presidential election, 1796. Adams was elected President. Jefferson was elected Vice President.
John Adams Print
Inaugural Address of John Adams
1796- Washington's farewell address.
1798- The Alien and Sedition Acts were passed.
An Act Concerning Aliens
An Act Respecting Alien Enemies
Letter from Madison to Jefferson about the Alien and Sedition Acts
Jefferson's Draft of the Kentucky Resolutions